Namibia became independent in 1990 and has already earned an international reputation as a stable multi-racial, multi-party democracy with an independent judiciary and press. National elections are held every five years.
Namibia is a sparsely populated country with an average population density of 1.7 people per km2. Population densities range from one person per 6km2 in the arid south to nearly 12 persons per km2 in the north. Nearly 67% of the country's 1.5 million people still live in rural. areas.
On independence English became the official language of the country, but Afrikannas is still the lingua franca in large parts of Namibia, except in Caprivi where English is spoken. German is widely spoken in towns such as Luderitz and Swakopmund, as well as in numerous businesses throughout Namibia.
The most commonlyspoken indigenour languages are Kwanyama, a dialect of Oshiwambo, and Hdonga. Others languages spoekn include Herero, Damara/Nama, fourt dialects of Okavango (kwangali, Mbukushu, Gciriku and Mbunza), Lozi, Setswana and San.